Brazil celebrated its National Heritage Day on August 17th. National Historic and Artistic Heritage Institute created in 1998 to honor the historian, Rodrigo Melo Franco de Andrade who is its first would have turned 100 years old. This date aims to reinforce the appreciation and recognition of the country’s cultural heritage. This article introduces 11 UNESCO World Heritage sites located on Brazilian soil.
- Salvador da Bahia
After Rio de Janeiro took its title as economic center and capital of Brasil in 1763, Salvador has remained a vital location. The city was designed by Luis Dias and its historic urban layout is divided between “Cidade Alta” which is the uptown includes the religious and administrative centers and “Cidade Baixa” which is the downtown includes the port. Due to the transition from the Renaissance to the Baroque era in the 17th and 18th centuries its monumental architecture reached its height. The town’s symbolic buildings, such as the Church and Monastery of Sao Bento and Salvador Cathedral (formerly a Jesuit Church) are from this period. In 1985 Salvador da Bahia’s historic center became a heritage site.
2. Ouro Preto Town
Founded in 1691, the city of Ouro Preto (formerly Vila Rica) was the first city in Brazil to be recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980. According to National Historic and Artistic Heritage Institute, the city tells a “unique testimony of a cultural tradition.” is a “man-made masterpiece”. The city’s structure is one of Brazilian colonial architecture’s most singular manifestations. Ouro Preto’s religious architecture which is adorned with stonework, ceiling paintings, and gold details has a strong presence in the city.
3. Town of Olinda
The city was illustrated as “important stages of human history.” and included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage in 1982. From the 17th-century Dutch invasion a history marked by lootings and fires, Olinda’s best attributes are the sea and its green landscape, which architectural and diverse styles serve as a background to the landscape. Here it is possible to find unique tiles from the 18th and 19th centuries exemplars of 16th-century heritage, and eclectic and neoclassic buildings dating from the early 20th century. Among them is the Carmo church rebuilt with its original characteristics after having burned by the Dutch.