Brazil’s music is extremely diverse and colorful like the culture of this country. Taking samba music as an example, no one is thinking of Brazil when they see those mesmerizing dances.
The samba dance always appears in the Carnival, the international symbol of Brazil. Set in the World Music genre, samba is a blend of vibrant tunes and skillful dances. It immediately grabbed the attention of the audience from the very first seconds.
It is this interaction that has made the Brazilian music scene unmistakably distinct. And this distinction is most clearly defined with samba.
Fortunately, some large indigenous communities are able to continue to maintain their own musical traditions to this day, but not by much. These communities are often quite self-contained, so their traditional culture cannot be studied much. Their traditional music genres are mostly concentrated in epic songs.
Indigenous music, however, is not too assimilated by this appearance. In other words it seems that they find common ground to co-exist. This may be due to the use of natives by Jesuit clergy in their concerts.
Brazilian samba is very different from the samba in American culture, which draws only rough points from original art. Syncretic emerged from the mines and rural festivals, brought in by gold miners during Brazil’s most prosperous period.
The music at this time was combining Western hymns with indigenous culture. The working community returned to Rio de Janeiro and continued to turn this place into a new urban cultural center of the country.
Musicians quickly adapted and created popular types of artistic music. That’s including provocative performances that were controversial for a long time. The original creator of this form was Sebastos Caldas Barbosa, however it was created by Jose Maurício Nunes Garcia and Antônio Carlos Gomes.
The new form of music and culture is at first only confined to the upper class. However, it gradually spread to the middle class and also to the working class.